Have you ever wanted to learn how to read Egyptian hieroglyphs?
There are lots of places online where you can look up the phonetic equivalents to hieroglyphic symbols–by memorizing them, you can learn to read some of the names of famous pharaohs, or try your hand at writing sentences in English, but “spelled out” in hieroglyphs.
But if you’d like to be able to understand Egyptian inscriptions and how sentences were actually formed in Ancient Egyptian, you need more than that. For that, you need a book like this.
The purpose of this book, as described in its introduction, is to help the reader learn to “read and enjoy the hieroglyphs and the language of ancient Egypt” (vii) and learn to read hieroglyphic inscriptions on museum objects.
The book is divided into eight chapters, each of which covers a few key grammatical concepts; practice exercises in transliteration and translation are found at the end of each chapter. Many of the chapters also include a short excurses on an aspect of Egyptian culture or history that is related to the Egyptian artifacts shown in the practice exercises.
This book is a good choice for those who do not have the opportunity to take courses to learn Egyptian. It is affordable (list price of U.S $26) and is relative thin (psychologically and physically manageable). It is user-friendly, with simple explanations of grammatical concepts, relatively little use of grammatical jargon, easy to reference chapters and section numbers, and a concept organization appropriate to teaching the grammar and vocabulary necessary for reading hieroglyphic inscriptions on museum objects.
The greatest strength of the book is the exercises in transliteration and translation found at the end of each chapter. The student can test his or her understanding of the material by checking answers against the key. Furthermore, many of the study exercises have line drawings or photographs of actual objects. This provides the context that isolated sentences may not have, and allows the student to see scribal variation in writing as well as view how aesthetic considerations are dealt with in inscriptions. Each of the exercises also has accompanying object-appropriate grammatical notes and a vocabulary list, which allows the reader to translate the passage easily, building confidence in their ability to read hieroglyphs.
Because the book has the specific purpose of being a concise and simplified reader, it has limitations to its usefulness. There is no description of the Egyptian language or its history, so the reader does not have appropriate context for Egyptian hieroglyphic writing. Also, in an attempt to simplify transliteration, the authors state that the dots and dashes they use in transliteration are important, but do not explain why. Furthermore, because complex concepts are glossed over quickly, those who continue their study of Egyptian after reading this book may be astonished to learn how complex the Egyptian language truly is, and will not be prepared for the barrage of grammatical jargon associated with the Egyptian language. Lastly, those who use this book to learn hieroglyphs and expect to then read written documents will be disappointed—the vocabulary list provided with each exercise limits the reader’s experience with other hieroglyphic dictionaries, and the book’s focus on stele inscriptions and coffins does not prepare the reader for longer treatises and bibliographies.
Because of its relative simplicity, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs cannot act as a stand in for more detailed grammar books (such as those by James Allen, Alan Gardiner, and James Hoch) for serious students of Middle Egyptian. However, the book does an excellent job of fulfilling its stated goal of helping a beginner student teach herself how to read basic hieroglyphic inscriptions.